15, the most ancient, but still existing cities
In the entire history of the human world and seen the flowering and the fall of millions of cities, many of which are in a special period of glory and prosperity were captured, destroyed or abandoned. Thanks to new technologies they seek and find archaeologists. Under the sand, ice or mud buried former glory and grandeur. But many of the rare cities were tested on the time and the people too. We offer an overview of the cities, which have existed for centuries and continue to live. The ancient city survived and survived, despite the various challenges - war, natural disasters, population migration, modern standards. They evolved a bit due to the progress, but did not lose their identity, preserving the architecture, the memory of the people.
15. Balkh, Afghanistan: 1,500 g BC
The city, which in Greek sounded like Bactria, was founded in 1500 g BC, when the first people settled in this territory. "Mother of Arab cities" passed the test of time. Indeed since its foundation began the history of many cities and empires, including the Persian kingdom. Era of prosperity is considered the heyday of the Silk Road. Since then, the city has experienced and downs, and sunrises, but still is the center of the textile industry. Today is left of its former grandeur, but has remained a mysterious atmosphere and timeless.
14. Kirkuk, Iraq: 2200 BC
Kirkuk , Iraq
The first settlement appeared in 2200 g BC City controlled the Babylonians and Medes - all evaluated advantageous its location. And today you can see the castle, which has turned 5000 years. Although this is only the ruins, but the outstanding part of the landscape. The city is located 240 km from Baghdad, is one of the centers of the oil industry.
13. Irbil, Iraq: 2 300 g BC
This mysterious city appeared in 2300 g BC He was the main center of commerce and the concentration of wealth. For centuries it controlled the different peoples, including the Persians and Turks. During the existence of the Silk Road city became one of the main caravan stops. One of his castles is still the symbol of the ancient and glorious past.
12. Tyre, Lebanon: 2750 g BC
The first settlement appeared here in 2750 BC g Since then, the city has experienced many conquests, many rulers and generals. At the time, Alexander the Great conquered the city and the rules for several years. In 64 AD he began to belong to the Roman Empire. Today it is a beautiful tourist city. The mention of him there in the Bible: "Who purposed this against Tyre, the crowning city, whose merchants [are] princes, merchants - the earth?".
11. Jerusalem, Middle East: 2800 g BC
Jerusalem , Middle East
Jerusalem Middle East
Jerusalem is probably the most famous cities in the survey mentioned the Middle East, if not the world.It was founded in 2800 g BC and played an important role in the history of mankind. In addition, the city is the religious center of the world, there are many historical buildings and artifacts, such as the Temple of the Holy Sepulcher and the Al-Aqsa Mosque. The city has a rich history - it was precipitated by 23 times, attacked the town of 52. In addition, he twice destroyed and rebuilt.
10. Beirut, Lebanon: 3000 g BC
Beirut was founded in 3000 BC g and it became the main city of Lebanon. Today it is the capital, known for its cultural and economic heritage. For many years, Beirut is a tourist town. It lasted 5,000 years, despite the fact that the transition from the hands of the Romans, Arabs, Turks.
9. Gaziantep, Turkey 3 650 g BC
Like many ancient gorodva Gaziantep survived the reign of many nations. Since its inception, and is 3650 g BC, he was in the hands of the Babylonians, Persians, Romans and Arabs. The Turkish city is proud of its multi-national historical and cultural heritage.
8. Plovdiv, Bulgaria: 4000 g BC
The Bulgarian town of Plovdiv has existed for over 6000 years. It was founded in 4000 BC D Before the control of the Roman Empire the city belonged to Thracians and was later ruled by the Ottoman Empire.Different people have left their cultural and historical traces in its history, for example, Turkish baths or the Roman style of architecture.
7. Sidon, Lebanon: 4000 g BC
This amazing city was founded in 4000 BC g At the time of Sidon was captured by Alexander the Great, it was Jesus Christ and St. Paul. Thanks to a rich and glorious past, the city is appreciated in archaeological circles. It is the oldest and most important Phoenician settlement, which still exists today.
6. El-Fayoum, Egypt: 4000 g BC
The ancient city of Fayoum, founded in 4000 g BC, is the historical part of the ancient Egyptian cityKrokodilopolisa almost forgotten city in which people worship the sacred crocodile Petsuhosu. Nearby are the pyramids and the great center. Everywhere in the city and beyond, there are signs of antiquity and cultural heritage.
5. The Susa, Iran: 4200 g BC
In 4200 Mr. BC It was founded by the ancient city of Susa, which is now called Shush. Today there live 65 000 inhabitants , although once there were more. At one time he belonged to the Assyrians and Persians and was the capital of the empire Elamites. The city has experienced a long and tragic history, but remains one of the most ancient cities in the world.
4. Damascus, Syria: 4300 g BC
Historians call Damascus the oldest inhabited city in the world. According to some sources, Damascus was founded in 10,000 g BC, although the official founding date is considered to be 4300 g BC The debate continues as to are different arguments. Damascus today - it's the oldest city in the world and remains an important and habitable city. His captured by Alexander the Great, the Arabs, the Romans and the Turks, but there remained a lot of attractions for tourists before the tragic events of the "Syrian Spring".
3. Aleppo, Syria: 4300 g BC
Aleppo was founded in 4300 BC g Ancient and one of the most populated cities in Syria, before the events of "Syrian Spring" Its population is 4.4 million people. He is proud of its antiquity, historical and cultural heritage and attributes of modernity. The city was besieged by the Crusaders and the Mongols, but he persevered and remained alive for more than 6000 years.
2. Byblos, Lebanon: 5000 g BC
More than 7000 years ago, the city was founded by the Phoenicians as a Hebe, and he was given a modern name the Greeks. Biblical city is proud of its tourist attractions, including castles, churches and temples, which for thousands of years.
1. Jericho, Palestine: 9000 g BC
Jericho is today considered the oldest existing cities. It was founded in 9000 g BC, he was already 11 000 years. It is hard to imagine, but to the city's founding 500 years, people just like domesticated animals. Today it is home to 20,000 residents.
Silfra - a place where two tectonic plates - the Eurasian and North American is located in the national park Thingvellir (Iceland) and is part of the Atlantic Ocean. Silfra looks more like a canyon or a crack in the rock. Translated from the Icelandic language means "Silver Lady". rift known as the purest water - you can drink without any purification and processing. The secret is that this water comes from melting glaciers Hofsyokul, and on the way to the gorge are many stages of natural cleaning . It is virtually distilled water, the visibility of which reaches one hundred meters Silfry water temperature throughout the year is kept at 2-4 °. C. Despite the icy water, not dried up the flow of willing to see with their own eyes the beauty of the underwater fault and touch the hands of two continents - Eurasia and North America. http: //zhizninauka.info/topics / ...