Wednesday, November 4, 2009

The World's deadliest snakes

Black Mamba Scientific name: Dendroaspis polylepis Size: 2.5 – 4.5 metres Location: Africa Habitat: Grasslands, bushes and small trees Food: Small birds and rodents Breeding: Between 10 and 25 eggs Venom amount: 100-120 mg average up to 400 mg and can kill a human in 20 minutes. Without treatment the mortality rate is 100%, the highest among snakes. Eastern Coral Snake Scientific name: Micrurus fulvius Size: To 80 cm Location: The Americas Habitat: In the ground, leaf litter, under rocks Food: Other small snakes, and other small fossorial species. Breeding: 3-12 eggs Venom amount: Average 2-6 mg with a maximum of more than 12 mg. Photo credit: LA Dawson Saw-scaled viper Scientific name: Echis carinatus Size: Between 38 and 80 cm Location: Asia, Indian subcontinent and Middle East Habitat: Sand, rock, soft soil and in scrublands Food: Rodents, lizards, frogs and large insects Breeding: 3 to 15 live young Venom amount: Average 12 mg Indian Cobra Scientific name: Naja naja Size: Between 1-2 metres Location: Indian subcontinent Habitat: Throughout the mainland from sea-level up to 2000m Food: Rodents, toads, frogs, birds and other snakes Breeding: 12 to 30 eggs Venom: Powerful post-synapt

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