Monday, September 7, 2009

Islam and Science

http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v448/n7150/images/448131a-i1.0.jpg
OBSERVATION
Many modern scientific theories have some reference in the Quran.
This reveals that the Quran is truly a miracle and a word of God.


For e.g ORIGIN OF THE UNIVERSE

•A question that has troubled the human mind for ages!

•Explanation based on religious or scientific ideas which often contradict one another.

•However, a study of the Quran reveals that there is a fantastic inter-relationship between religion and science.
•In fact the creation is a sign of the creator, studying the creation should create a sense of humility and closeness towards Allah:

Eg. In the creation of the heavens and the earth….
•O our lord, you have not created all of this in vain..

•Science explains two possibilities:

1.STEADY STATE:
Universe is infinite
No beginning, no end
Everything has been the way it is


2. BIG BANG:
Universe has a beginning
•Perhaps an end
•Space, time and matter came into existence at an instant
•From the explosion of a compact mass called a singularity!
•All of the matter that makes up the universe is a result of that explosion.
•Most scientists, prefer this explanation because it explains all other observations better. Eg. Concept of back ground radiation and expansion of universe

The Quran
21:30

“Don’t the unbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were one unit of creation, we then split them asunder (separated them)… “

Based on this Ayat we understand that the concept of the big bang in fact has an element of truth!
(Most scientists do not agree with the steady state anymore).


FORMATION OF A SOLAR SYSTEM:

Science explains:

•Big bang – hot fragments into space
•Fragments merged with clouds of gas called nebulae
•A cooling process began – giving rise to ball like structures – planets
•Heat that was generated due to the cooling process, accumulated in the centre – heated up the central body – became the sun.


The Quran
41:11

“Then he turned to the heaven and it was smoke. So he said to it and to the earth – come you two, willingly or unwillingly – They said – we come willingly”

Following ideas confirmed by this verse:
•Presence of smoke in the initial stages of the universe (nebulae)
•Merging of the smoke and the earth (perhaps the fragments)

BALANCING THE SYSTEM:

•Formation of planets and sun is not sufficient, they have to be held in their positions for a system to come about else all would scatter in space.

Science explains:
This balance is provided by gravity. Force by which one body pulls another towards it. Thereby holding each other in place

The Quran:
55:7

“ And the sky, he raised it and set the balance”
(Gravity may be the balance that is being referred to here).


ORBITS OF THE PLANETS:

Science explains:
Planets move around the sun in orbits.This is due to gravity and also central force of the sun.

The Quran:
21:33

“He it is who created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon, all swim along, each in its rounded course.”

EXPANSION OF THE UNIVERSE:
•Quite a recent discovery by Hubble telescope that the Universe expands like a balloon.


The Quran:
51:47

“We have built the heaven with might, and verily we are expanding it.”



WILL THERE BE AN END?

Science says YES!
Expansion will not go on forever
One day gravity will overcome the expansion
This will give rise to contraction
BIG CRUNCH!

The Quran:
Many verses explain the day of judgment
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